Hans Moser

Hans Moser

Additional Names: Johann Julier (Geburtsname)
Darsteller, Drehbuch, Musik
*06.08.1880 Wien, Österreich; †19.06.1964 Wien, Österreich

Biography

Johann Julier, born August 6, 1880, in Vienna, as the third child of the Academic sculptor Franz Julier and his wife Serafina, born Pöschl. He grew up in the Margarethen district, attended secondary and commercial school and worked in accounting of a leather goods store in Vienna and In Leopoldstadt before he took paid acting lessons at Otto theatre school for a short period of time. He also took elocution lessons from the court actor Josef Moser whom he also named himself after from then on.

At the age of 17, Moser got his first engagement at a theatre in Friedek-Mistek at the Ostravice river and then went to Laibach. He also performed as an extra and as a choir singer in Czernowitz and in Cilli. At German theatres in Bohemia, in Josefsstadt, and in Reichenberg, he landed his first speaking roles. From October to December 1902, he did his military service at III. Ersatz-Compagnie of Infanterie-Regiments Nr. 4 (Hoch- und Deutschmeister).

From January 1903 on, Moser was a cast member of Theater in der Josefstadt under artistic director Josef Jarno. In 1907, Moser quit because he mainly played children’s roles due to his shortness. Again, he toured Bohemian villages, Styria, Moravia, and Hungary with travelling theatres.

Moser returned to Vienna in 1910 where he married Blanca Hirschler (1890 to 1974) on August 5, 1911. In 1910/11, he performed at Intimes Theater, in 1911/12 at Possen-Bühne Max und Moritz, at the Colosseum cabaret, and at Die Budapester. In 1913, his daughter Margarethe was born. From 1914 to 1918, he was a soldier for k.u.k. Bau-Compagnie 1 of 4. Regiment and was deployed to the east front and to Isonzo, North Italy.

After the end of the war, Moser again performed in cabaret shows, became a cast member of Rolandbühne in 1920, and appeared in farces and one-act plays at Vienna’s vaudeville shows and musical theatres. Moser also successfully performed as a character comedian in sketches, including Fritz Löhner-Beda’s "Der Patient" (performed at Varieté Reklame, 1922; made into a film in 1932) and the self-written "Der Dienstmann" (performed by Die Budapester in 1923 and made into a film version in 1928 and in 1932, this time starring Moser’s daughter).

Moser then performed in revues of Varieté Ronacher and played, for instance, Pompfunèbrer in "Wien, gib acht!" that premiered on November 4, 1923, and in operetta productions by Theater an der Wien, where he played, for instance, the valet in "Gräfin Mariza" that premiered on February 28, 1924, or an usher in "Der Orlow" that premiered on April 3, 1925. In 1925, Max Reinhardt engaged him for Theater in der Josefstadt. Moser also performed at the Salzburg Festival between 1925 and 1927. In 1926, he performed for the first time at Deutsches Theater Berlin as Tartaglia in the Salzburg Festival production of "Turandot". In 1927/28, Moser also performed at New York’s Century Theatre on the occasion of a Reinhardt stand and played the role of Nick Bottom in "A Midsummer Night’s Dream".

Henceforth, Moser continued his theatre career in Berlin and in Vienna and worked with directors like Heinz Hilpert (Zauberkönig in Horváth‘s play "Geschichten aus dem Wiener Wald, Deutsches Theater, premiered on November 2, 1931) and Otto Preminger (Melchior in Nestroy’s play "Einen Jux will er sich machen", Theater in der Josefstadt, premiered on October 16, 1934). Between 1934 and 1939, he took only occasional engagements at Vienna’s Deutsches Volkstheater and Theater in der Josefstadt until he completely waived them to pursue his movie career.

However, Moser’s first supporting roles in silent films, for instance as a representative in "Die Stadt ohne Juden" ("The City Witout Jews", 1924), based on Hugo Bettauer’s novel, as a commissionaire and bailiff in "Die Familie ohne Moral" (1926/27) and "Spitzenhöschen und Schusterpech" (1928), did not come off successful.

His early sound film comedies were dominated by the established comedians from Berlin. Moser’s muttering and his rowing gestures did not become accepted until he played a pawnbroker in the Schubert film "Leise flehen meine Lieder" ("Lover Divine", 1933) and a gardener in the melodrama "Maskerade" ("Masquerade in Vienna", 1934), his Viennese films directed by Willi Forst. In comedies, mainly directed by E. W. Emo, Geza von Bolvary, or Carl Lamac, Moser played nasty factotums.

Uniforms, uniform caps, and waiter coats became the regalia of his characters. "Moser played morose and serving characters, the petty bourgeois as a misanthrophe became his metier. But he was no misanthrope, not broken by the feints of his class but by the affectations of the ruling class. His grumpiness was also a sign of his frustration with serving." (Witte, 1981). Moser was the contrast to the composed North Germans Theo Lingen and Heinz Rühmann and fought out skirmishes with Adele Sandrock and with Ida Wüst.

Together with Paul Hörbiger, he headed the Viennese clan of film comedians that included Oskar Sima, Annie Rosar, Rudolf Carl, Leo Slezak, and Lucie Englisch. His portrayals of old Kennthaler in "Vorstadtvarieté" ("Suburban Cabaret", 1934), directed by Werner Hochbaum, of the comedian Melchior in "…nur ein Komödiant" ("Only a Comedian", 1935), directed by Erich Engel, and of the dog catcher Haslinger in "Das Gäßchen zum Paradies" ("Paradise Road", 1936), directed by Mac Fric, were the most distinct emanations of his art of characterization. "The laughter he caused was an expression of uncried tears about the humiliations of his commissionaires and little guys; his moaning was the suitable effort to retain human dignity in a time that was inept to this end." (Karasek, 1980).

From 1933 on, Moser needed a "special concession" to be able to work in the film business in Berlin. His wife Blanca Moser left Germany in 1939 because of her Jewish heritage. After the end of the war, they both lived temporarily on Baden near Vienna. Moser played his "Dienstmann" at Landestheater Salzburg – in englisch – for members of the occupation forces. From 1947 on, he again performed at theatres in Vienna.

In 1948, Moser made guest performances at Paul Walter Jacob’s Freie Deutsche Bühne in Buenos Aires (where Moser’s daughter lived) and for German emigrants at New York’s Carnegie Hall. In several post-war films that were tailor-made for him, including "Der Herr Kanzleirat" (1948), "Hallo, Dienstmann" (1951), and "Der Onkel aus Amerika" ("His Majesty King Ballyhoo", 1952/53), Moser varied his signature role of the choleric stickler until he more and more appeared in superficial Viennese films like "Kaisermanöver" (1954) and "Kaiserball" (1956). He then appeared in harmonized adaptation of Nestroy plays like "Einen Jux will er sich machen" (1953) and "Lumpazivagabundus" (1956), before he starred in remakes of fading classics like "Der Kongreß tanzt" ("Congress Dances", 1955) and "Die drei von der Tankstelle" (1955), and of old Moser films like "Die Deutschmeister" ("A March for the Emperor", 1955), "Opernball" ("Opera Ball", 1956), and "Unentschuldigte Stunde" ("The unexcused hour", 1957). His acridity, mellowed by age, gave way to sentimental resignation. Besides Emo and the Marischka brothers, he mainly worked with director Franz Antel and, finally, with Werner Jacobs.

Surrounded by old comrades, Moser who always chose his roles regardlessly, also appeared in films with a younger generations of comedians like Georg Thomalla, Gunther Philipp, or Trude Herr.

During the course of the 1950s, Moser reduced his theatre work to occasional performances at theatres in Vienna and in Munich. He used the opportunity to demonstrate his unimpaired serious acting skills in the role of Vater Weiring in Schnitzler’s play "Liebelei" ("The Reckoning") – his first ever role in a production of Vienna’s Burgtheater that premiered on June 12, 1954, and was directed by Ernst Lothar. In 1957, Moser starred in the TV movie of the same name, and in 1961 he played the role of Zauberkönig in the TV adaptation of "Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald" and the role of Hohes Alter in the Salzburg Festival production of "Der Bauer als Millionär". Moser made his last stage performance on November 12, 1963, as divine police law clerk in a production of Molnár’s "Liliom", directed by Kurt Meisel.

Hans Moser died on June 19, 1964 at Vienna’s Hanuschkrankenhaus and was buried at Zentralfriedhof on June 24, 1964.

Filmography

1963 Leutnant Gustl
Cast
 
1963 So schön wie heut'
Cast
 
1962 Mariandls Heimkehr
Cast
 
1962 Drei Liebesbriefe aus Tirol
Cast
 
1961/1962 Der verkaufte Großvater
Cast
 
1961/1962 Kaiser Joseph und die Bahnwärterstochter
Cast
 
1961/1962 Die Fledermaus
Cast
 
1961 Der Bauer als Millionär
Cast
 
1961 Mariandl
Cast
 
1961 ...und du, mein Schatz, bleibst hier. Die große heitere Musikparade
Cast
 
1961 Geschichten aus dem Wiener Wald
Cast
 
1959 Die schöne Lügnerin
Cast
 
1958/1959 Herrn Josefs letzte Liebe
Cast, Screenplay
 
1958 Gräfin Mariza
Cast
 
1958 Ooh ... diese Ferien
Cast
 
1958 Zirkuskinder
Cast
 
1958 Hallo, Taxi
Cast
 
1958 Der Sündenbock von Spatzenhausen
Cast
 
1957/1958 Liebelei
Cast
 
1957 Heute blau und morgen blau
Cast
 
1957 Die Lindenwirtin vom Donaustrand
Cast
 
1957 Die Zwillinge vom Zillertal
Cast
 
1957 Die unentschuldigte Stunde
Cast
 
1957 Vier Mädels aus der Wachau
Cast
 
1957 Ober, zahlen!
Cast
 
1956 Solange noch die Rosen blüh'n
Cast
 
1956 Roter Mohn
Cast
 
1956 Kaiserball
Cast
 
1956 Opernball
Cast
 
1956 Lumpazivagabundus
Cast
 
1956 Meine Tante - Deine Tante
Cast
 
1955/1956 Ein Herz und eine Seele
Cast
 
1955/1956 Symphonie in Gold
Cast
 
1955 Le chemin du paradis
Cast
 
1955 Ja, ja, die Liebe in Tirol
Cast
 
1955 Der Kongreß tanzt
Cast
 
1955 Die Deutschmeister
Cast
 
1955 Die Drei von der Tankstelle
Cast
 
1954/1955 Ehesanatorium
Cast
 
1954 Verliebter Sommer
Cast
 
1954 Kaisermanöver
Cast
 
1953 Hollandmädel
Cast
 
1953 Einmal keine Sorgen haben
Cast
 
1952/1953 Der Onkel aus Amerika
Cast
 
1952 Du bist die Rose vom Wörthersee
Cast
 
1952 Schäm Dich, Brigitte!
Cast
 
1952 1. April 2000
Cast
 
1951/1952 Hallo, Dienstmann
Cast
 
1951 Zwei in einem Auto
Cast
 
1950 Es liegt was in der Luft
Cast
 
1950 Der Theodor im Fußballtor
Cast
 
1950 Es schlägt 13
Cast
 
1950 Küssen ist keine Sünd'
Cast
 
1949 1-2-3 Aus!
Cast
 
1949 Um eine Nasenlänge
Cast
 
1948 Der Herr Kanzleirat
Cast
 
1947/1948 Das singende Haus
Cast
 
1947 Der Hofrat Geiger
Cast
 
1946/1947 Die Welt dreht sich verkehrt
Cast
 
1946 Renee XIV.
Cast
 
1944-1946 Geld ins Haus
Cast
 
1944-1945/1949 Wiener Mädeln
Cast
 
1943/1944 Schrammeln
Cast
 
1943 Schwarz auf Weiß
Cast
 
1943 Reisebekanntschaft
Cast
 
1942/1943 Abenteuer im Grand-Hotel
Cast
 
1942/1943 Karneval der Liebe
Cast
 
1942/1943 Das Ferienkind
Cast
 
1942 Einmal der liebe Herrgott sein
Cast
 
1941/1942 Sette anni di felicità
Cast
 
1941/1942 Maske in Blau
Cast
 
1941/1942 Wiener Blut
Cast
 
1941 Wir bitten zum Tanz
Cast
 
1940/1941 Liebe ist zollfrei
Cast
 
1940 Rosen in Tirol
Cast
 
1940 Meine Tochter lebt in Wien
Cast
 
1940 Der Herr im Haus
Cast
 
1940 Sieben Jahre Pech
Cast
 
1939/1940 Wiener G'schichten
Cast
 
1939 Das Ekel
Cast
 
1939 Opernball
Cast
 
1939 Anton der Letzte
Cast
 
1939 Der ungetreue Eckehart
Cast
 
1938/1939 Menschen vom Varieté
Cast
 
1938/1939 Liebe streng verboten
Cast
 
1938 Kleines Bezirksgericht
Cast
 
1938 13 Stühle
Cast
 
1937/1938 Es leuchten die Sterne
Cast
 
1937/1938 Finale
Cast
 
1937/1938 Immer, wenn ich glücklich bin
Cast
 
1937 Die Fledermaus
Cast
 
1937 Die verschwundene Frau
Cast
 
1937 Unentschuldigte Stunde
Cast
 
1937 Mein Sohn, der Herr Minister
Cast
 
1937 Die glücklichste Ehe der Welt
Cast
 
1937 Mutterlied
Cast
 
1936/1937 Der Mann, von dem man spricht
Cast
 
1936 Burgtheater
Cast
 
1936 Hannerl und ihre Liebhaber
Cast
 
1936 Das Gäßchen zum Paradies
Cast
 
1936 Fräulein Veronika
Cast
 
1936 Schabernack. Wer ist wer
Cast
 
1935/1936 Confetti
Cast
 
1935/1936 Wer zuletzt küßt...
Cast
 
1935 Familie Schimek
Cast
 
1935 Zirkus Saran
Cast
 
1935 Ein junger Herr aus Oxford
Cast
 
1935 Die ganze Welt dreht sich um Liebe
Cast
 
1935 ...nur ein Komödiant
Cast
 
1935 Eva
Cast
 
1935 Endstation
Cast
 
1934/1935 Der Himmel auf Erden
Cast
 
1934/1935 Frühjahrsparade. Ein Film aus Österreich-Ungarns Vergangenheit
Cast
 
1934/1935 Vorstadtvarieté. Die Amsel von Lichtental
Cast
 
1934/1935 Die Fahrt in die Jugend
Cast
 
1934/1935 Winternachtstraum
Cast
 
1934 Polenblut
Cast
 
1934 Der junge Baron Neuhaus
Cast
 
1934 Maskerade
Cast
 
1934 Karneval und Liebe
Cast
 
1934 Die Töchter Ihrer Exzellenz
Cast
 
1934 Mayer beim Zahnarzt
Cast
 
1934 Das hohe C
Cast
 
1934 Hohe Schule
Cast, Vocals
 
1934 Frasquita
Cast
 
1933 Fuchs auf der Hetzjagd
Cast
 
1933 Kurzschluß
Cast
 
1933 Leise flehen meine Lieder
Cast
 
1932/1933 Madame wünscht keine Kinder
Cast
 
1932 Der große Trick
Cast
 
1932 Der Dienstmann
Cast, Screenplay
 
1932 Der angenehme Patient
Screenplay
 
1931/1932 Man braucht kein Geld
Cast
 
1931/1932 Ehe mit beschränkter Haftung
Cast
 
1931 Der verjüngte Adolar
Cast
 
1930 Liebling der Götter
Cast
 
1930 Geld auf der Straße
Cast
 
1928 Der Dienstmann
Cast
 
1928 Spitzenhöschen und Schusterpech
Cast
 
1927 Madame wagt einen Seitensprung
Cast
 
1926/1927 Die Familie ohne Moral
Cast
 
1926 Schützenliesl
Cast
 
1926 Der Feldherrnhügel
Cast
 
1925 Das Spielzeug von Paris
Cast
 
1924 Ssanin
Cast
 
1924 Die Stadt ohne Juden
Cast
 
1922/1923 Hoffmanns Erzählungen
Cast
 
1921 Kleider machen Leute
Cast
 

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