Friedrich Gnaß

Friedrich Gnaß

Darsteller
*13.11.1892 Langendreer-Bochum; †08.05.1958 Berlin (Ost)

Biography

Friedrich Gnaß, born November 13, 1892, in Langendreer (now Bochum) at first attended an apprenticeship as a machine fitter and subsequently worked in different jobs, for instance, as a sailor, as a fitter, and as a crane operator. Gnaß became an actor at a rather late age: In 1923, at the age of 31, he started to attend actor’s training in Hamburg. Two years later, he made his stage debut at Hamburg’s Kammerspiele. In 1926, Gnaß went to Berlin where he performed at Volksbühne and at Theater am Schiffbauerdamm.

In 1929, Gnaß made his movie debut in the social drama "Jenseits der Straße – Eine Tragödie des Alltags". During the following years, the actor with the distinctively rugged face and the remarkably hoarse voice was seen in supporting roles in several films that today are considered classic films and masterpieces of film history. Gnaß, for instance, played the construction worker Max in Phil Jutzi’s film "Mutter Krausens fährt ins Glück" ("Mother Krausen Goes To Heaven", 1930) or starred as burglar in Fritz Lang’s "M" ("M – A Town is Looking For A Murderer", 1931). During the shooting of "Mutter Krausens Fahrt ins Glück", he also met his later life partner Ilse Trautschold.

After the Nazis ascended to power in 1933, Gnaß also played in propaganda films like "Flüchtlinge" ("Refugees", 1933) or "Legion Condor" (1939) – although he was temporarily banned from Reichsfachschaft Film and imprisoned because of his leftist political positions in 1936.

After the end of the Nazi regime, Gnaß worked as a theatre actor in Berlin. He then became a cast member of Bertolt Brecht’s Berliner Ensemble, a position he held until his death.

Furthermore, Gnaß starred in striking supporting roles in a series of top-class DEFA films, including Kurt Maetzig’s film "Die Buntkarierten" (1949), Wolfgang Staudte’s film "Der Untertan" ("The Kaiser’s Lackey", 1951), Konrad Wolf’s film "Einmal ist keinmal" (1955), or Joachim Hasler’s film "Gejagt wird bis zum Morgengrauen" (1957).

On May 8, 1958, Friedrich Gnaß died in East Berlin.

Filmography

1957/1958 Auf höchster Ebene
Cast
 
1957 Gejagt bis zum Morgen
Cast
 
1957 Spur in die Nacht
Cast
 
1957 Katzgraben
Cast
 
1957 Die Schönste
Cast
 
1957 Madeleine und der Legionär
Cast
 
1956/1957 Spielbank-Affäre
Cast
 
1956 Öffentliches Ärgernis
Cast
 
1956 Das Gold in der Ackerstraße
Cast
 
1956 Das Geisterschloß
Cast
 
1955/1956 Thomas Müntzer
Cast
 
1955-1957 Der Fackelträger
Cast
 
1954/1955 Letztes Fach unten rechts
Cast
 
1954/1955 Einmal ist keinmal
Cast
 
1954/1955 Wer seine Frau lieb hat
Cast
 
1954 Leuchtfeuer
Cast
 
1954 Eine Bären Geschichte
Cast
 
1953/1954 Ernst Thälmann - Sohn seiner Klasse
Cast
 
1953 Die Geschichte vom kleinen Muck
Cast
 
1953 Die Gewehre der Frau Carrar
Cast
 
1952/1953 Anna Susanna
Cast
 
1952 Frauenschicksale
Cast
 
1951/1952 Schatten über den Inseln
Cast
 
1951/1952 Das verurteilte Dorf
Cast
 
1951/1952 Roman einer jungen Ehe
Cast
 
1951 Der Untertan
Cast
 
1950 Familie Benthin
Cast
 
1949 Unser täglich Brot
Cast
 
1949 Der Biberpelz
Cast
 
1948/1949 Die Buntkarierten
Cast
 
1948/1949 Angst
Cast
 
1948 Abgrund
Cast
 
1947 Wozzeck
Cast
 
1939 Legion Condor
Cast
 
1938/1939 Aufruhr in Damaskus
Cast
 
1938 Pour le Mérite
Cast
 
1938 Capriccio
Cast
 
1938 Nordlicht
Cast
 
1938 Kautschuk
Cast
 
1938 Geheimzeichen LB 17
Cast
 
1938 Sergeant Berry
Cast
 
1938 In geheimer Mission
Cast
 
1937/1938 Fahrendes Volk
Cast
 
1935 Henker, Frauen und Soldaten
Cast
 
1935 Hundert Tage
Cast
 
1934 Blutsbrüder. Bosnische Symphonie
Cast
 
1934 Abenteuer eines jungen Herrn in Polen
Cast
 
1933/1934 Achtung! Wer kennt diese Frau?
Cast
 
1933 Flüchtlinge
Cast
 
1933 Der Stern von Valencia
Cast
 
1932/1933 Morgenrot
Cast
 
1932/1933 Der Choral von Leuthen
Cast
 
1932 F.P. 1 antwortet nicht
Cast
 
1932 Ich bei Tag und Du bei Nacht
Cast
 
1932 Razzia in St.Pauli
Cast
 
1931/1932 Rasputin
Cast
 
1931 Kameradschaft
Cast
 
1931 Luise, Königin von Preußen
Cast
 
1931 M
Cast
 
1930/1931 Danton
Cast
 
1930/1931 Fra Diavolo. [Dt.V.]
Cast
 
1930 Troika
Cast
 
1929/1930 Revolte im Erziehungshaus
Cast
 
1929 Jenseits der Straße
Cast
 
1929 Mutter Krausens Fahrt ins Glück
Cast
 

Overview

Literature

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