Reinhold Schünzel

Reinhold Schünzel

Additional Names: Richard Scheer (Pseudonym)
Darsteller, Regie, Drehbuch, Produzent
*07.11.1888 Hamburg; †11.09.1954 München

Biography

Reinhold Schünzel was born November 7, 1888, in Hamburg. After finishing school, he completed an apprenticeship as a merchant in the Berlin-based publishing company Scherl. He then worked in Berlin, later in Hamburg, as a branch manager for the publishing company. Besides, Schünzel dabbled as an actor and director at several small theatres until he became a full-time actor in 1912. He then performed at Stadttheater Bern and at Berlin's Komödienhaus at Schiffbauerdamm and at Theater at Königgrätzer Straße.

With the help of a colleague, Schünzel landed his first movie role in 1916 in Carl Froelich's film "Werner Krafft". Still in the same year, he started his collaboration with director Richard Oswald who had a strong influence on the development of Schünzel's role image. Be it in Oswald's moral education films (including "Das Tagebuch einer Verlorenen" - "The Diary of a Lost Woman", 1918, "Anders als die Anderen" - "Different from the Others", 1918/19, "Das gelbe Haus / Die Prostitution" - "Prostitution", 1919), in his gothic movies and gangster films (including "Freitag, der 13.", 1916, "Unheimliche Geschichten" - "Tales of Horror", 1919), or in the crime films of the Max Landa series by E.A. Dupont and Carl Hagen – Schünzel played the self-indulgent bonvivant and seducer, the sly pander and extortionist. Schünzel starred in entertainment films just as in ambitious productions, for instance in Ernst Lubitsch's "Madame Dubarry" ("Passion", 1919) or in Carl Froelich's Schiller adaption "Luise Millerin" (1922), to name but a few.

In 1918, Schünzel made his debut as a director and adapted Friedrich Hebbel's play "Maria Magdalene" (1919/20) as well as the moral education film "Das Mädchen aus der Ackerstraße" and the elaborate history film "Katharina die Große". Still in 1920, Schünzel set up the production company Schünzel-Film and merged it several months later with the Vienna-based production company Micheluzzo & Co. (Micco-Film). The new production company then produced "Der Graf von Cagliostro" ("The Count of Cagliostro", 1920), starring Conrad Veidt and Anita Berber in the leading roles. Schünzel helmed the film as producer, director, and actor. For other productions, Schünzel also wrote the screenplay besides his other functions. This approach became typical for his movie work.

In May 1921, Schünzel became the assistant managing director and artistic director of the newly-found Berlin branch of Micco-Film and subsequently finished "Der Roman eines Dienstmädchens" (1921) and "Das Geld liegt auf der Straße" for Micco-Film. In May 1926, Schünzel again started his own business with his production company Reinhold Schünzel-Film GmbH. He produced a series of comedies, at first commissioned by UFA, and from 1928 on for Südfilm AG. Schünzel mostly was leading actor and director at the same time while displaying his full comedic potential in films such as "Hallo Cesar!" (1926), "Adam und Eva" (1928), "Don Juan in der Mädchenschule" (1928), "Aus dem Tagebuch eines Junggesellen" (1928), and others.

The start of the sound film era effectively ended Schünzel's work as a producer. Instead, Schünzel starred in more and more films of his colleagues, for instance, in Oswald's "1914. Die letzten Tage vor dem Weltbrand" ("1914: The Last Days Before the War", 1930/31) or in G.W. Pabst's "Die 3-Groschen-Oper" ("The Beggar"s Opera", 1930/31). From 1931 on, Schünzel worked as a director for UFA and finished a number of very successful musical films in the following years, including "Saison in Kairo" ("Cairo Season", 1933), "Viktor und Viktoria" ("Viktor and Viktoria", 1933), "Die englische Heirat" (1934), "Amphitryon" (1935), and "Land der Liebe" (1937), most often starring Renate Müller in the leading role. These films were all marked by an ironic undertone that eventually got Schünzel in trouble with the Nazi regime although he had been under Hitler's protection for a long time despite his Jewish belief.

In June of 1937, even before the premiere of "Land der Liebe", Schünzel left Germany for the United States, on an offer by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM). But although the three musical films he finished for the studio over the next two years became quite successful ("Rich Man, Poor Girl", 1938, and "Balalaika", 1939) and featured stars like Joan Crawford and James Stewart ("The Ice Follies of 1939", 1938/39), Schünzel was not able to make his breakthrough in the United States. Thus, "New Wine" (1941) happened to be his last film as a director. Schünzel subsequently starred in several films, mostly in the mask of sinister Nazi villains, like "Hangmen Also Die!" (1942), "Notorious" (1946), and "Berlin Express" (1947/48).

In 1949, Schünzel returned to Germany and mainly worked as a theatre and movie actor. In the summer of 1954, he won the German film award as "Best supporting actor" for his role in "Meines Vaters Pferde". Shortly after, on September 11, 1954, Reinhold Schünzel died in Munich.

Filmography

1957/1958 Das gab's nur einmal
Participation
 
1957 Viktor und Viktoria
Story
 
1954 Kabarett
Cast
 
1953/1956 Meines Vaters Pferde [Einteilige Fassung]
Cast
 
1953/1954 Eine Liebesgeschichte
Cast
 
1953/1954 Meines Vaters Pferde. 2. Teil: Seine dritte Frau
Cast
 
1952 Washington Story
Cast
 
1952 Liebe im Finanzamt
Screenplay
 
1951 Die Dubarry
Director
 
1948 The Vicious Circle
Cast
 
1948 Berlin Express
Cast
 
1947 Golden Earrings
Cast
 
1946 Plainsman and the Lady
Cast
 
1946 Notorious
Cast
 
1946 Dragonwyck
Cast
 
1944/1945 The Man in Half Moon Street
Cast
 
1944 The Hitler Gang
Cast
 
1943 Hostages
Cast
 
1943 First Comes Courage
Cast
 
1943 Hangmen Also Die!
Cast
 
1941 New Wine
Director
 
1939 Balalaika
Director
 
1938/1939 The Ice Follies of 1939
Director
 
1938 Rich Man, Poor Girl
Director
 
1937 Land der Liebe
Director, Screenplay
 
1936 Das Mädchen Irene
Director, Screenplay
 
1935/1936 Donogoo
Director
 
1935/1936 Donogoo Tonka. Die geheimnisvolle Stadt
Director, Screenplay
 
1935 First a Girl
based on
 
1935 Les Dieux s'amusent
Director, Screenplay
 
1935 Amphitryon
Director, Screenplay
 
1934 Die englische Heirat
Director
 
1934 Die Töchter Ihrer Exzellenz
Director
 
1934 La jeune fille d'une nuit
Director, Screenplay
 
1933/1934 Georges et Georgette
Director, Screenplay
 
1933 Viktor und Viktoria
Director, Screenplay
 
1933 Saison in Kairo
Director
 
1933 Idylle au Caire
Director
 
1932 La belle aventure
Director, Screenplay
 
1932 Wie sag' ich's meinem Mann?
Director
 
1932 Das schöne Abenteuer
Director, Screenplay
 
1931 Ronny
Director, Screenplay
 
1931 Le petit écart
Director, Screenplay
 
1931 Der Ball
Cast
 
1931 Der kleine Seitensprung
Director, Screenplay
 
1931 Ronny
Director, Screenplay
 
1930/1931 Ihre Hoheit befiehlt
Cast
 
1930/1931 Die 3-Groschen-Oper
Cast
 
1930 "1914". Die letzten Tage vor dem Weltbrand
Cast
 
1929/1930 Liebe im Ring
Cast, Director
 
1929 Kolonne X
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1929 Peter, der Matrose
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1929 Phantome des Glücks
Director, Screenplay
 
1928/1929 Rund um die Liebe
Participation
 
1928/1929 Aus dem Tagebuch eines Junggesellen
Cast, Producer
 
1928 Don Juan in der Mädchenschule
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1928 Adam und Eva
Cast, Creative supervisor, Screenplay, Producer
 
1927/1928 Herkules Maier
Cast, Creative supervisor, Screenplay, Producer
 
1927/1928 Geächtet. Die Tragödie eines Homosexuellen
Cast
 
1927 Gesetze der Liebe
Cast
 
1927 Üb' immer Treu und Redlichkeit
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1927 Hallo Caesar!
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1927 Gustav Mond ... Du gehst so stille
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1926/1927 Der Himmel auf Erden
Cast, Creative supervisor, Screenplay, Producer
 
1926 In der Heimat, da gibt's ein Wiedersehn!
Cast, Director, Creative supervisor, Producer
 
1926 Fünf-Uhr-Tee in der Ackerstraße
Cast, Screenplay
 
1926 Der Juxbaron
Cast
 
1926 Der Stolz der Kompagnie
Cast, Screenplay
 
1926 Der dumme August des Zirkus Romanelli
Cast, Screenplay
 
1925 Der Hahn im Korb
Cast, Screenplay
 
1925 Die Frau für 24 Stunden
Director, Screenplay
 
1925 Sündenbabel
Cast
 
1924/1925 Die Blumenfrau vom Potsdamer Platz
Cast, Screenplay
 
1924/1925 Heiratsschwindler
Cast, Screenplay
 
1924/1925 Der Flug um den Erdball. 1. Von Paris bis Ceylon
Cast
 
1924/1925 Der Flug um den Erdball. 2. Indien - Europa
Cast
 
1924/1925 Zwischen zwei Frauen
Cast
 
1924 Die Kleine aus der Konfektion. Großstadtkavaliere
Cast
 
1924 Ein Weihnachtsfilm für Große
Cast
 
1924 Windstärke 9. Die Geschichte einer reichen Erbin
Director
 
1924 Die Schmetterlingsschlacht
Cast
 
1924 Lumpen und Seide
Cast
 
1923/1924 Neuland oder Das glückhaft Schiff
Cast
 
1923 Alles für Geld
Cast, Director
 
1923 Adam und Eva
Director
 
1922/1923 Der Menschenfeind
Cast
 
1922/1923 Der Schatz der Gesine Jakobsen
Cast
 
1922 Bigamie
Cast
 
1922 Das Liebesnest. 2. Teil
Cast
 
1922 Das Liebesnest. 1. Teil
Cast
 
1922 Die drei Marien und der Herr von Marana
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1922 Der Pantoffelheld
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1922 Luise Millerin
Cast
 
1921/1922 Die Tochter der Verführten
Cast
 
1921 Das Geld auf der Straße
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1921 Der Roman eines Dienstmädchens
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1921 Lady Hamilton
Cast
 
1921 Betrüger des Volkes
Director
 
1920/1921 Die Flucht aus dem goldenen Kerker
Cast
 
1920 Der Anti-Detektiv
Cast
 
1920 Die letzte Stunde. Der Tag eines Gerichtes in 5 Verhandlungen
Cast, Producer
 
1920 Das Chamäleon (Don Pedros Masken)
Cast
 
1920 Weltbrand
Cast
 
1920 Katharina die Große
Cast, Director, Screenplay
 
1920 Moriturus
Cast
 
1920 Die Banditen von Asnières
Cast
 
1920 Der Gefangene. Sklaven des XX. Jahrhunderts
Cast
 
1920 Der Marquis d'Or
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1919/1920 Das Mädchen aus der Ackerstraße. 1. Teil. Ein Drama aus der Großstadt
Cast, Director
 
1919/1920 Nachtgestalten
Cast
 
1919/1920 Der Graf von Cagliostro
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1919/1920 Drei Nächte
Cast
 
1919/1920 Die Tänzerin Barberina
Cast
 
1919 Kain. 4. Tor der Glückseligkeit
Cast
 
1919 Lillis Ehe
Cast
 
1919 Lilli
Cast
 
1919 Unheimliche Geschichten
Cast
 
1919 Wahnsinn
Cast
 
1919 Madame Dubarry
Cast
 
1919 Die Apachen
Cast
 
1919 Ut mine Stromtid
Cast
 
1919 Maria Magdalene
Cast, Director
 
1919 Blondes Gift
Cast
 
1919 Das Geheimnis der Wera Baranska
Cast
 
1919 Die Prostitution, 2. Teil - Die sich verkaufen
Cast
 
1919 Eine Nacht, gelebt im Paradiese
Cast
 
1919 Seelenverkäufer
Cast
 
1919 Heddas Rache
Cast
 
1919 Der Teufel und die Madonna
Cast
 
1919 Das Mädchen und die Männer
Cast
 
1919 Die Liebschaften der Käthe Keller
Cast
 
1919 Baccarat
Cast
 
1919 Die Pflicht zu leben
Cast
 
1919 Tänzerin Tod
Cast
 
1919 Seine Beichte
Cast
 
1919 Liebe
Cast
 
1919 Die Peruanerin
Cast
 
1919 Die schwarze Marion
Cast
 
1919 Die Rose des Fliegers
Cast
 
1919 Was den Männern gefällt
Cast
 
1919 Lili
Cast
 
1918/1919 Anders als die Andern
Cast
 
1918/1919 Die Prostitution, 1. Teil - Das gelbe Haus
Cast
 
1918/1919 Das Geheimnis des Amerika-Docks
Cast
 
1918/1919 Das Karussell des Lebens
Cast
 
1918/1919 Liebe, die sich frei verschenkt
Cast
 
1918/1919 Die Reise um die Erde in 80 Tagen
Cast
 
1918 Die Filmkathi
Cast
 
1918 Sündige Mütter (Strafgesetz § 218). Es werde Licht! 4. Teil
Cast
 
1918 Das Tagebuch einer Verlorenen
Cast
 
1918 Mitternacht
Cast
 
1918 Kain. 3. Opfernde Liebe
Cast
 
1918 Kain. 2. Im Goldrausch
Cast
 
1918 Kain. 1. Das Verhängnis auf Schloß Santarem
Cast
 
1918 Es werde Licht! 3. Teil
Cast
 
1918 Auf Probe gestellt
Cast
 
1918 Frühlingsstürme im Herbste des Lebens
Cast
 
1918 Hanne entlobt sich
Director
 
1918 Hanne, der Einbrecher
Director
 
1918 Hannes Millionengründung
Cast, Director
 
1918 Prinzessin Hanne muß was erleben
Director
 
1918 Um Krone und Peitsche
Cast
 
1918 Das Mädel vom Ballett
Cast
 
1918 Im Schloß am See
Cast
 
1918 Hanne muß was erleben
Director
 
1917/1918 Die Liebe höret nimmer auf
Cast
 
1917 Des Herrn Theophils erstes Mißgeschick
Cast
 
1917 Die ledige Frau
Cast
 
1917 Die Erzkokette
Cast
 
1917 Der neueste Stern vom Variété
Cast
 
1917 Das Nachtgespräch
Cast
 
1917 Höhenluft
Cast
 
1917 Gräfin Küchenfee
Cast
 
1917 Der Schloßherr von Hohenstein
Cast
 
1917 Das Armband
Cast
 
1916 Der Fall Hoop
Cast
 
1916 Der oder der? / Ihr Bruder Ede
Cast
 
1916 Der Fall Grehn
Cast
 
1916 Werner Krafft. Der Maschinenbauer
Cast
 
1916 Seine kokette Frau
Cast
 
1916 Im Banne des Schweigens
Cast
 
1916 Der chinesische Götze. Das unheimliche Haus. 3. Teil
Cast
 
1916 Freitag, der 13. Das unheimliche Haus. 2. Teil
Cast
 
1916 Die Stricknadeln
Cast
 
1916 Ihr liebster Feind
Cast
 
1916 Das Geständnis der grünen Maske
Cast
 
1916 Benjamin, der Schüchterne
Cast
 
1916 Bubi ist eifersüchtig
Cast
 
19 ?? Hanne als Einbrecherin
Cast
 

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